Coal & EPS
Member State can choose its energy sources, so the European Commission has limited impact. However, it can help phase out coal, by strengthening laws limiting emissions such as the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NEC), as well as the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and setting up an Emissions Performance Standard (EPS) for CO2 from power plants.
What is WWF doing?To prevent dangerous climate change, the world’s coal consumption needs to peak and then start to decline before 2020, in line with most climate scenarios and the Paris Agreement.
To reach WWF’s goal of a 100% renewable energy, coal must be completely phased out of the global energy system. By 2030 at the latest, there should be no new coal in developing countries.
To limit global warming to well below 2°C temperature rise, European coal emissions must fall on average by 8% every year until 2040. This is three times faster than currently.
To contribute to the EU 2030 climate targets, European coal consumption should decline by 23 Mtce per year to a level of 348 Mtce in 2018.
The EU needs to strengthen the IED and NEC Directives and the EU ETS to reduce the health and environmental impacts of coal.
The EU must develop a progressive EPS - gCO2/kWh or total carbon emissions budgets over a certain time period for existing and new power generation plants with baselines depending on national circumstances.
WWF calls on the EU and EU governments not to allow extension of coal mining subsidies beyond the 2018 deadline.
An EU ‘Just Transition Fund’ (JTF) must be created to ensure a sustainable transition for EU coal dependent regions and social protection for coal sector workers.
WWF EU offices engaged in the transition from coal to renewable energy in the EU are: WWF Germany, WWF UK, WWF Greece, WWF Hungary, WWF Spain, WWF Poland, WWF Italy, WWF Norway and WWF European Policy Office.
More about coal & EPS
Report: Lifting Europe’s Dark Cloud: How cutting coal saves lives, 2016
Report: ‘Europe’s Dark Cloud: How coal-burning countries are making their neighbours sick’, 2016
Joint NGO position paper on EPS: ‘Emissions Performance Standard (EPS) – a key to countering the EU’s coal addiction’
Analysis: Legal considerations surrounding the introduction of an Emissions Performance Standard at EU level, 2015
WWF briefing paper: Coal and climate, 2015
Report: Europe’s Dirty 30 - How the EU’s coal-fired power plants are undermining its climate efforts, 2014