© WWF-US / Julie Pudlowski
Coal & the just transition
Coal is the dirtiest fuel available and coal-fired power plants are the single biggest global source of greenhouse gas emissions. 

To prevent dangerous climate change, the EU must end coal power by 2030, in a socially fair way.

Why it matters

Burning coal releases carbon dioxide, which causes climate change. Coal also emits pollutants which cause acid rain and ground level ozone, and are associated with a range of human health problems. Coal mining destroys the environment, and depletes and contaminates water supplies.

The European Commission can help phase out coal by strengthening laws limiting emissions such as the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NEC), as well as the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and setting up an Emissions Performance Standard (EPS) for CO2 from power plants. 

The EU has a ‘Just Transition Mechanism’ to help all EU regions reach climate neutrality. Funding must be contingent upon a commitment to ending coal by 2030 and participatory, transparent local just transition plans.  

What WWF is doing

WWF is working to push a socially fair phase-out of coal power by 2030, and of all fossil fuels. We have set up an online platform so that anyone can assess local just transition plans. 

WWF is part of the Europe Beyond Coal campaign, and runs the 'Regions Beyond Coal' project funded by the German Environment Ministry (EUKI). 

Europe-based WWF offices engaged in the transition from coal to renewable energy are: WWF Germany, WWF UKWWF GreeceWWF HungaryWWF SpainWWF PolandWWF ItalyWWF Norway