The State of Implementation of the Birds and Habitats Directives in the EU
Posted on 26 April 2018
An analysis by national environmental NGOs in 18 Member StatesIn this report, member organisations from BirdLife Europe, WWF, European Environmental Bureau (EEB) and Friends of the Earth Europe have joined their expert opinions to score Member States on the current implementation of different aspects of the Nature Directives. 18 Member States were assessed: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
Scores were given on 11 implementation criteria of the Birds and Habitats Directives, namely on their transposition into Member State legislation, Member State designation of Natura 2000 sites, the presence of management plans and whether they are put into practice, and the availability of funding and resources to put them into practice. Member States were scored on how well they ensure species protection, on their implementation of appropriate assessments, their management of invasive alien species and on the connectivity of the national network of protected areas. They also looked at how Member States are monitoring their habitats and species of Community importance, how they are encouraging research and scientific work on species and habitats, and how they engage stakeholders and ensure public participation in these processes.
The report shows that while the majority of the Member States assessed (67%) have fully incorporated the Birds and Habitat Directives into national law, they have failed to implement them properly. This means EU protected wildlife and habitats are not receiving the protection they need and have been promised. However, with sufficient resources, commitment and willingness to learn from each other, full and effective implementation of the Directives is achievable. Ambition on the side of Member States and the Commission is needed to ensure best practice examples can become the norm across the EU, yielding the much needed results that will ensure Europe’s unique natural heritage is preserved for the generation to come.
Analysis: The State of Implementation of the Birds and Habitats Directives in the EU. (March 2018)PDF 852 KB
Nature Scorecard AustriaPDF 258 KB
Nature Scorecard BelgiumPDF 274 KB
Nature Scorecard BulgariaPDF 219 KB
Nature Scorecard CroatiaPDF 223 KB
Nature Scorecard CyprusPDF 188 KB
Nature Scorecard DenmarkPDF 186 KB
Nature Scorecard FinlandPDF 281 KB
Nature Scorecard GreecePDF 203 KB
Nature Scorecard HungaryPDF 224 KB
Nature Scorecard IrelandPDF 191 KB
Nature Scorecard ItalyPDF 246 KB
Nature Scorecard LatviaPDF 181 KB
Nature Scorecard LuxembourgPDF 181 KB
Nature Scorecard NetherlandsPDF 193 KB
Nature Scorecard PortugalPDF 240 KB
Nature Scorecard RomaniaPDF 206 KB
Nature Scorecard SwedenPDF 177 KB
Nature Scorecard UKPDF 242 KB