The Iberian lynx has been brought to the brink of extinction because of a combination of threats:
Decreasing food base
Rabbits form the main prey of the Iberian lynx. Epidemics, such as myxamatosis and haemorrhagic diseases, have affected rabbit populations over the years, impacting also the Iberian lynx population.
The construction of high speed roads and highways
, splitting up the lynx habitat, is another major threat. 2015 was a black year: 51 animals died under the wheels of cars in Spain
. A very high number, given the small population of 547 of the species in the wild. Thanks to a successful WWF campaign
, the Spanish national and regional authorities are starting to take preventive measures on the roads.
Habitat loss and degradation
building of roads, dams, railways and the excessive exploitation of forests (like the cork forest in Spain and Portugal) contribute to the loss and fragmentation of the Iberian lynx habitat.
Illegal Hunting, the main threats to the Eurasian lynx
The main threats to the Eurasian lynx are hunting and habitat loss. Although the population has benefitted from the ban on legal international fur trade, illegal hunting still represents a major threat.
Ironically, in the past the species was regarded both as an attractive hunting trophy and as a vermin. Hunters prized its valuable fur and its meat, and although some landowners appreciate its role in keeping fox and rabbit numbers down, most perceive it as a threat to their game populations.
The Iberian and Eurasian lynx are legally protected against hunting by the Birds & Habitats Directive
, but they are still the victims of guns, traps and snares, particularly those set for other animals.